Aaron to Moses, when he made him vicegerent over his people and went to meet his Lord at the appointed time, is in the position of the deputies of Muhammad to Muhammad after his withdrawal from this physical level of existence on his way to his Lord. So just as Muhammad’s deputies among the Perfect Men and the Poles are his heirs and vicegerents in his community — they exercise free disposal within it as he did — so Aaron was the heir to Moses and his vicegerent among his people and exercised free disposal among them as he did. So let the saint who is an heir and inherits from the prophets before he considers from whom he inherits, for the heir is either Muhammadan, or non-Muhammadan; and the non-Muhammadan may be the heir to Moses, Jesus, Abraham or others of the prophets; and let the heir also consider in what he is asked to act as deputy and heir, whether in knowledge, state and station altogether, or in knowledge without state and station, or in knowledge and state without a station.

So the soundness and strength of his inheritance from the prophet will help him to take his benefactor’s place in it, or take the place of that prophet who is as it were his benefactor in what he has been asked to act as deputy. So he takes knowledge for example from the source from which the prophet from whom he inherits also takes it. For verily the sciences of the prophets are divine gifts and are the result of unveiling through theophany; they are not acquired or earned. Therefore it is necessary that true inheritance also be the result of a gift, not transmitted or rational, and that the saint inheritor inherits his knowledge from the source from which the prophet and messenger acquired their knowledge.

The same is true of states and stations. So whoso does not take them from God as the men of old took them, but rather memorizes their words and sayings and transmits from them, is not a true inheritor, but is only so figuratively speaking. So whoever of the saint-inheritors partakes of his character traits, i.e., the character traits and attributes of the prophet from whom he inherits, in his exercise of free-disposal is as if he were he, as the Prophet said, “The men of knowledge of my community are like the prophets of the Children of Israel.”

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