32:21 However, [We condemn them to] that supreme suffering, We shall most certainly let them taste of suffering closer at hand, so that they might [repent and] mend their ways.
Lit., “between them”,
32:22 And who could be more wicked than he to whom his Sustainer’s messages are conveyed and who thereupon turns away from them? Verily, We shall inflict Our retribution on those who are [thus] lost in sin!
See surah 2, note 94; also 22:67-69. In the present instance, this difference of opinion relates to belief in resurrection, on the one hand, and its denial, on the other
32:23 And, Indeed, [O Muhammad] We did vouchsafe revelation unto Moses [as well], so be not in doubt of [thy] having met with the same [truth in the revelation vouchsafed to thee). And [just as] We caused that [earlier revelation] to be a guidance for the children of Israel.
For the wider meaning of the term qarn (lit., “generation”), see note 111 on 20:128.
32:24 And [as] We raised among them leaders who, so long as they bore themselves with patience and had sure faith in Our messages, guided [their people] in accordance with Our behest – [so, too, shall it be with the divine writ revealed unto thee, O Muhammad].
A reference to the statement in verse 25.
32:25 Verily, it is God alone who will decide between men on Resurrection Day with regard to all on which they were wont to differ.
32:26 [But] can, then, they [who deny the truth] learn no lesson by recalling how many a generation We have destroyed before their time? – [people] in whose dwelling-places they [themselves now) walkabout? In this, behold, there are messages indeed: will they not, then, listen?
32:27 Are they not aware that it is We who drive the rain onto dry land devoid of herbage, and thereby bring forth herbage of which their cattle and they themselves do eat? Can they not, then, see [the truth of resurrection]?
32:28 But they answer “When will that final decision take place, if what you [believers] say is true?”
32:29 Say “On the Day of the Final Decision, their [newly-found] faith will be of no use to those who [in their lifetime] were bent on denying the truth, nor will they be granted respite!”
32:30 And then leave them alone, and wait [for the truth to unfold as] they, behold, are waiting.