35:31 And [know that] all of the divine writ with which We have inspired thee is the very truth, confirming the truth of whatever there still remains of earlier revelations – for, Behold, of [the needs of] His servants God is Fully Aware, All-Seeing.
i.e., inasmuch as He does not speed up the end of the world despite the sinfulness of most of
its inhabitants, and neither punishes without giving the sinner time to reflect and to repent
(cf. verse 45).
35:32 And so, We have bestowed this divine writ as a heritage unto such of Our servants as We chose, and among them are some who sin against themselves, and some who keep halfway [between right and wrong], and some who, by God’s leave, are foremost in deeds of goodness, [and] this, indeed, is merit Most High!
Cf. 6:157 and the corresponding note 158.
35:33 [Hence] gardens of perpetual bliss will they enter, therein to be adorned with bracelets of gold and pearls, and therein to be clad in raiments of silk.
i,e., fallacious arguments meant to disparage those messages and to “disprove” their divine origin (cf. 10:21 or 34:33 and the corresponding notes on the Qur’anic use of the term makr in this sense).
35:34 And they will say “All praise is due to God, who has caused all sorrow to leave us: for, Verily, our Sustainer is indeed Much Forgiving, Ever-Responsive to gratitude.
i.e., the way (sunnah) in which God has punished them.
35:35 He who, out of His bounty, has made us alight in this abode of life enduring, wherein no struggle can assail us, and wherein no weariness can touch us!”
Or: “known [to Him alone]”- i.e., the end of their lives on earth.
35:36 But as for those who are bent on denying the truth – the fire of hell awaits them, no end shall be put to their lives so that they could die, nor shall aught of the suffering caused by that [fire] be lightened for them: thus shall We requite all who are bereft of gratitude.
35:37 And in that [hell] they will cry aloud, “O our Sustainer! Cause us to come out [of this suffering]! We shall [henceforth] do good deeds, not such as we were wont to do [aforetime]!” [But We shall answer] “Did We not grant you a life long enough so that whoever was willing to take thought could bethink himself? And [withal] a warner had come unto you! Taste, then, [the fruit of your evil deeds] for evildoers shall have none to succor them!”
35:38 Verily, God knows the hidden reality of the heavens and the earth, [and] behold, He has full knowledge of what is in the hearts [of men].
35:39 He it is who has made you inherit the earth. Hence, he who is bent on denying the truth [of God’s oneness and uniqueness ought to know that] this denial of his will fall back upon him, for their [persistent] denial of this truth does but add to the deniers’ loathsomeness in their Sustainer’s sight and, thus, their denial of this truth does but add to the deniers’ loss.
35:40 Say “Have you ever [really] considered those beings and forces to whom you ascribe a share in God’s Divinity, [and] whom you invoke beside God? Show me what it is that they have created on earth or do [you claim that] they have a share in [governing] the heavens?” Have We ever vouchsafed them a divine writ on which they could rely as evidence [in support of their views]? Nay, [the hope which] the evildoers hold out to one another [is] nothing but a delusion.
35:41 Verily, it is God [alone] who upholds the celestial bodies and the earth, lest they deviate [from their orbits] for if they should ever deviate, there is none that could uphold them after He will have ceased to do so.) [But,] verily, He is ever-forbearing, much-forgiving!
35:42 As it is, they [who are averse to the truth often] swear by God with their most solemn oaths that if a warner should ever come to them, they would follow his guidance better than any of the communities [of old had followed the warner sent to them] but now that a warner has come unto them, [his call] but increases their aversion.
35:43 Their arrogant behavior on earth, and their devising of evil [arguments against God’s messages]. Yet [in the end] such evil scheming will engulf none but its authors, and can they expect anything but [to be made to go] the way of those [sinners] of olden times? Thus [it is], no change wilt thou ever find in God’s way, yeah, no deviation wilt thou ever find in God’s way!
35:44 Have they never journeyed about the earth and beheld what happened in the end to those [deniers of the truth] who lived before their time and were [so much] greater than they in power? And [do they not see that the will of] God can never be foiled by anything whatever in the heavens or on earth, since, Verily, He is All-Knowing, Infinite in His Power.
35:45 Now if God were to take men [at once] to task for whatever [wrong] they commit [on earth], He would not leave a single living creature upon its surface. However, He grants them respite for a term set [by Him], but when their term comes to an end-then, verily [they come to know that] God sees all that is in [the hearts of] His servants.