35:21 Nor the [cooling] shade and the scorching heat.
For this explanatory rendering of the phrase ma bayna yadayhi, see note 3 on 3:3.
35:22 And neither are equal the living and the dead [of heart]. Behold, [O Muhammad] God can make hear whomever He wills, whereas thou canst not make hear such as are [dead of heart like the dead] in their graves.
See 7:46 and the corresponding note 37.
35:23 Thou art nothing but a warner.
Regarding this symbolic “adornment” of the blessed in paradise, see note 41 on 18:31.
35:24 Verily, We have sent thee with the truth, as a bearer, of glad tidings and a warner, for there never was any community but a warner has [lived and] passed away in its midst.
See note 22 on 2:30. In this instance, God’s having made man “inherit the earth” implies the grant to him of the ability to discern between right and wrong as well as between truth and falsehood.
35:25 And if they give thee the lie – even so gave the lie to the truth [many of] those who lived before their time, [when] there came unto them their apostles with all evidence of the truth, and with books of divine wisdom, and with light-giving revelation.
Lit., “those [God-]partners of yours”: see note 15 on 6:22.
35:26 [But] tn the end I took to task all those who were bent on denying the truth: and how awesome was My rejection!
i.e., to those who ascribe divinity to beings or forces other than God.
35:27 Art thou not aware that God sends down water from the skies, whereby We bring forth fruits of many hues – just as in the mountains there are streaks of white and red of various shades, as well as [others] raven-black.
Cf. 30:35 – “Have We ever bestowed upon them from on high a divine writ which would speak [with approval] of their worshipping aught beside Us?” The reference to a “divine writ” makes it clear that the people spoken of here are the erring followers of earlier revelation, and not atheists.
35:28 And [as] there are in men, and in crawling beasts, and in cattle, too, many hues? Of all His servants, only such as are endowed with [innate] knowledge stand [truly] in awe of God, [for they alone comprehend that] Verily, God is Almighty, Much-Forgiving.
i.e., their expectation that the saints whom they invest with divine or semi-divine qualities will “mediate” between them and God, or “intercede” for them before Him, is based on nothing but wishful thinking.
35:29 [It is] they who [truly] follow God’s revelation, and are constant in prayer, and spend on others, secretly and openly, out of what We provide for them as sustenance – it is they who may look forward to a bargain that can never fail.
Lit., “the heavens” – in this case apparently a metonym for all the stars, galaxies, nebulae, etc., which traverse the cosmic spaces in obedience to a most intricate system of God-willed laws, of which the law of gravity, perhaps most obvious to man, is but one.
35:30 Since He will grant them their just rewards, and give them yet more out of His bounty, for, Verily, He is much-forgiving, ever-responsive to gratitude.
Lit., “after Him”. This seems to be an allusion to the Last Hour, which, according to the Qur’an, will be heralded by a cosmic catastrophe.