In The Name of God, The Most Gracious, The Dispenser of Grace.
99:1 When the earthquakes with her [last] mighty quaking.
i.e., all that was hitherto hidden in it, including the bodies – or the remnants – of the dead.
99:2 And [when] the earth yields up her burdens.
i.e., on the Day of Judgment, the earth will bear witness, as it were, to all that has ever been done by man: an explanation given by the Prophet, according to a Tradition on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (quoted by Ibn Hanbal and Tirmidhi).
99:3 And man cries out, “What has happened to her?”
Lit., “as separate entities” (ashtatan). Cf. 6:94 – “And now, indeed, you have come unto Us in a lonely state, even as We created you in the first instance”: thus stressing the individual, untransferable responsibility of every human being.
99:4 On that Day will she recount all her tidings.
99:5 As thy Sustainer will have inspired her to do!
99:6 On that Day will all men come forward, cut off from one another, to be shown their [past] deeds.
99:7 And so, he who shall have done an atom’s weight of good, shall behold it.
99:8 And he who shall have done an atom’s weight of evil shall behold it.