In The Name of God, The Most Gracious, The Dispenser of Grace.
97:1 Behold, from on high have We bestowed this [divine writ] on Night of Destiny.
Or: “of Almightiness” or “of Majesty” – thus describing the night on which the Prophet received his first revelation (see introductory note to the preceding surah). On the basis of several Traditions, it may be assumed that it was one of the last ten nights – probably the twenty-seventh – of the month of Ramadan, thirteen years before the Prophet’s emigration to Medina.
97:2 And what could make thee conceive what it is, that Night of Destiny?
Sc., “in which there was no similar night” (Razi).
97:3 The Night of Destiny is better than a thousand months.
The grammatical form tanazzalu implies repetition, frequency or multitude; hence – as suggested by Ibn Kathir – “descending in hosts”.
97:4 In hosts descend in it the angels, bearing divine inspiration by their Sustainer’s leave, from all [evil] that may happen.
The grammatical form tanazzalu implies repetition, frequency, or multitude; hence – as suggested by Ibn Kathir – “descending in hosts”.
97:5 Does it make secure, until the rise of dawn.
Lit., “it is salvation (salam, see surah 5, note 29) – i.e., it makes the believer secure from all spiritual evil: thus Mujahid (as quoted by Ibn Kathir), evidently implying that a conscious realization of the sanctity of this night acts as a shield against unworthy thoughts and inclinations..