Nature's Pharmacy

& Punica Granatum

English Name: Pomegranate

Arabic Name: Ar-rumman

Urdu Name: Anar

Family: Punicaceae | Distribution: Central Asia, The Caucasus, south-west Asia, and the Mediterranean

Parts used: Bark, root, flower, fruit. The bark contains alkaloids. Root: alkaloids, pseudo-palletierine, palletierine, isopalletierine, methyl palletierine. Flower: sitosterol, tannins – punicalagin & punicalin

Fruits: Mannose, Galactose, rhamnose, arabinose, glucose, galactouronic acid

Medicinal Uses | Punica granatum as such bears long history of medicinal use. Many studies have shown roots to have effective anthelmintic properties. It is known to have anti-microbial properties against Salmonella typhi and Vibrio cholera, the parasite Giardia and as well as amoeba and includes some viruses too. In particular, the peel extract of Punicagranatum has extensively been studied for its antioxidant activity, cytotoxic activity, hypoglycemic activity, hepatoprotective activity, and anti-inflammatory activity. Punicagranatum is used as an anti-parasitic agent, a blood tonic, and to heal aphthae, diarrhea, and ulcers. In the Unani system, practiced in the Middle East and India, and according to the same review, pomegranate was described as also a remedy for diabetes. A recent review reported the chemical constituents of diverse parts of P. Granatum as well as their potential for prevention and treatment of inflammation and cancer. The authors refer that in pericarp, leaf and flower can be detected phenols (flavonoids and tannins) being some of them unique. Complex polysaccharides have also been detected and characterized in the peels.


The divine scriptures are God’s beacons to the world. Surely God offered His trust to the heavens and the earth, and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man undertook it.
Back to top button