Nature's Pharmacy


Large or deep wounds will need medical attention, but you can treat minor cuts, lesions, scrapes, and bites at home.

What to Do

Wash any cuts with an antiseptic solution, such as witch hazel extract with tea tree essential oil (use 6 to 8 drops of tea tree essential oil per cup of witch hazel). If necessary, disinfect the area with Kloss’s Liniment. To stop bleeding, apply a poultice or compress of yarrow (the leaf and flower both work) and/or shepherd’s purse and yarrow. Keep the poultice in place until the wound stops bleeding. Believe it or not, clean cobwebs will also stop bleeding.

If the wound contains a splinter, soak it in water and Epsom salts, or apply a thick clay pack (of green or red clay) directly to the spot. Leave it on for several hours; change once or twice during the day. Once the splinter has been drawn out, disinfect the area with Kloss’s Liniment, a lavender wash, or a similar remedy. When the wound has been cleaned and the area disinfected, apply Salve and wrap the area in a gauze bandage or cotton flannel cloth. If the cut is painful, take lemon balm, valerian, and chamomile tea or tincture.

Several types of poultices may also be helpful. Depending on the seriousness of the wound, apply one of these:

  • A clay poultice if the wound is quite large, with the possibility of infection
  • A plantain poultice directly to the wound to stop bleeding and prevent infection
  • A comfrey poultice to encourage healing of torn tissue and to soothe pain and inflammation Kloss’s Liniment

This liniment, is useful for inflammation of the muscles, though using it is primarily as a disinfectant. If organically grown goldenseal isn’t available, substitute chaparral or Oregon grape root.

  • 1 ounce echinacea powder
  • 1 ounce goldenseal powder (organically cultivated)
  • 1 ounce myrrh powder
  • ¼ ounce cayenne powder
  • Mix the herbs. Prepare as a tincture. Clearly label the container for external use only.

Goldenseal Salve

This salve is excellent when an astringent, disinfectant action is needed. It also serves as an emollient. If organically grown goldenseal is not available, substitute chaparral.

  • 1 part goldenseal (organically cultivated)
  • 1 part myrrh gum
  • Combine the herbs and prepare as a salve.


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