League of History

How Abdul-Muttalib was Greatly Named

Hashim married the daughter of the chieftain of Al-Madinah (Yathrib at that time). She gave birth to a son who was named Shaibah. While the boy was still a child, Hashim died. His brother Muttalib became the ruler of Makkah. Hashim’s son, Shaibah was raised in Al-Madinah. When Muttalib came to know that Hashim’s son had grown up, he himself went to Al-Madina to bring his nephew back to Makkah. When Muttalib came to Makkah along with his nephew Shaibah, the Makkans mistook him as the slave of Muttalib. Although Muttalib tried his level best to remove the misunderstanding, it proved an exercise in futility and the name stayed with him and he was thereafter called ·Abdul-Muttalib. Abdul-Muttalib resembled his father in regard to character, honor, and renown. The power and influence of AbdulMuttalib aroused competition until it became unbearable for Umayyah’s son Harb. He challenged Abdul-Muttalib to combat. In accordance with the practices of the time, a judge was appointed who gave his judgment in favor of Abdul-Muttalib. This decision aggravated enmity between Banu Umayyah and Banu Hashim.

During the time of Abdul-Muttalib, an army from Abyssinia headed by a chieftain called Abrahah, launched an attack on Makkah; but the army, known as the people of the Fil (Elephant), was completely destroyed by a natural calamity and heavenly intervention. The genealogical relations of the Quraish tribes are given in the table on the facing page.


Of all the tribes, Abd Manaf was considered, in the whole of Arabia, as the noblest and respectable. After them, their sons also excelled all the nobles of Arabia. The real name of Abd Manaf was Mughirah, who was also called Qamar and Syed. Since his brothers were named Abdud-Dar and Abdul-Uzza, he came to be called Abd Manat and finally Abd Manaf.


The divine scriptures are God’s beacons to the world. Surely God offered His trust to the heavens and the earth, and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man undertook it.
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