First Aid

Understanding Your Role as a First Aider


First aid is the immediate care that is given to an ill or injured person until more advanced care can be obtained.

Your role as a First Aider includes four basic steps:

  1. Recognize the emergency.
  2. Protect yourself, the ill or injured person, and bystanders.
  3. Access help (e.g., call EMS/9-1-1).
  4. Act according to your skills, knowledge, and comfort level.

One of the simplest and most important ways of providing first aid is to call for help (EMS/9-1-1). By making this call, you ensure that the ill or injured person receives care from highly trained medical professionals.

Responding to the scene of an emergency involves providing emotional support as well as caring for injuries.

When providing care, you should

  • Speak in a calm and reassuring manner. Ask for the ill or injured person’s name and use it often.
  • Communicate both verbally and nonverbally to reassure the person.
  • Position yourself at eye level when you talk to the ill or injured person. Avoid unnecessary physical contact and any body language that could appear threatening.
  • Actively listen to the ill or injured person.

This involves four behaviors

  1. Making every effort to fully understand what the person is trying to say.
  2. Repeating back to the person, in your own words, what the person said.
  3. Avoiding criticism, anger, or rejection of the person’s statements.
  4. Using open-ended questions (i.e., avoid questions that can be answered with “Yes” or “No”).

Understanding Your Role in the EMS System

The emergency medical services (EMS) system is a network of professionals linked together to provide the best care for people in all types of emergencies. As a member of the community, you play a major role in helping the EMS system to work effectively.

Your role in the EMS system includes four basic steps

  1. Recognizing that an emergency exists
  2. Deciding to help/take action
  3. Activating the EMS system
  4. Giving care until EMS personnel take over

Who Is Coming to Help

Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel have advanced training that allows them to provide medical care outside of the hospital setting. Depending on their level of training, EMS personnel have different roles and responsibilities. There are different kinds of trained personnel who may respond when a call is placed to EMS/9-1-1.

First Responders: These include police, firefighters, and job-specific personnel such as athletic trainers and workplace first aid response teams. They are trained in time-sensitive lifesaving measures. Unlike lay responders (First Aiders), first responders have a legal obligation to act in an emergency when they are on duty.

Paramedics: These are highly specialized emergency personnel whose skills include both basic and advanced life support. Once on the scene, these professionals will take over the care of the person, including transportation to a hospital or other facility if necessary.


The divine scriptures are God’s beacons to the world. Surely God offered His trust to the heavens and the earth, and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man undertook it.
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