Informatization can effectively improve the production and management efficiency in the poultry farming process. In this study, a management system was designed to realize the acquisition, transmission, storage, and management of information, and upload the data to the cloud database to increase the flexibility and scalability of the system. On the basis of realizing production management functions, the system also incorporates an office management module, thus forming a complete data chain in production activities, so as to conduct farming data mining and accurate traceability in the next stage of the work. In particular, the system also adds poultry disease detection module supports to achieve the purpose of healthy farming. The research provides an information management plan for the intensive poultry farming model, and the designed management system may be the starting point of a future intelligent poultry farming management system based on cloud services and big data technology.
Aiming at breaking down the bottleneck problems of different scales of poultry farms, the low profitability of poultry farming, and backward information management, a safe and efficient information management system for poultry farming was designed.
This system consists of
- a management system application layer
- a data service layer
- an information sensing layer
The information sensing layer obtains and uploads production and farming information through the wireless sensor network built in the poultry house. The use of a cloud database as an information storage carrier in the data service layer eliminates the complex status of deploying local server clusters, and it improves the flexibility and scalability of the system. The management system application layer contains many sub-function modules including poultry disease detection functions to realize the visual management of farming information and health farming; each module operates independently and cooperates with each other to form a set of information management systems for poultry farming with wide functional coverage, high service efficiency, safety, and convenience. The system prototype has been tested for the performance of wireless sensor networks and cloud databases, and the results show that the prototype is capable of acquiring and managing poultry farming information.
Modern poultry farming companies need a complete management system to assist companies in managing their daily production activities. The system should cover such things as personnel office management, purchase–sales–inventory management, environmental monitoring and control in poultry houses, and monitoring of individual poultry information. At the same time, it also needs to include traceability management of products, diagnosis, and early warning of poultry diseases to meet the need for future development.
With the development of large-scale and intensive poultry farming, more intelligent and automated technologies and methods have been applied in poultry farming, such as radio frequency identification technology, Internet of Things technology (IoT), and cloud technology . At the same time, there are methods such as poultry disease detection, poultry diet monitoring, environmental monitoring in poultry houses, product tracking and traceability, and abnormal detection in poultry houses to achieve precision farming. A developed network-based data acquisition system using Labview for environmental monitoring in poultry management describes the construction of data acquisition system hardware and the process of data acquisition. The method also provides a reference for us to build an environmental monitoring module. A method for constructing the traceability module in the poultry farming management system through its in-depth analysis of the value chain. Research on applying wireless sensing systems along with mobile networking and cloud platform to some agricultural systems in crops has provided us with new ideas to develop a similar information system for poultry farming.
In recent years, more and more researchers have devoted themselves to the study of precision poultry farming. Some researchers help farmers control and monitor the health status of poultry through IoT, imagery analytics, and other technologies. Other researchers build online platforms and use smart sensors to record and manage product information in real-time. Although wireless sensing and cloud platform techniques are well advanced, there is no complete system that covers all of the functions to meet the needs for poultry farming management. The technical difficulties include the unified construction of the system, the reasonable division of functional modules, the good mutual cooperation between modules, the interaction of software and hardware, and the intelligentization of the system. In addition, this cloud-based management system also pays more attention to the storage and management of data information by separating the database system from the software system. The ultimate goal of the poultry farming information management system is to expand the development of the poultry industry management system with big data analysis capability.
The system is divided into three layers, which are the upper management system, the intermediate data service layer (also known as the middle layer), and the underlying layer (also known as the bottom layer, including hardware facilities in the poultry house). The upper layer is a software management system that provides a good visual interface. The management system is divided into an office automation module, a production management module, an expert system, and a traceability module. As for the middle layer, the cloud database is used to store the data and information generated by the upper layer and the bottom layer, and at the same time construct a reasonable network environment to solve mutual communication problems by configuring the underlying server.
At the bottom layer, in poultry house(s), environmental sensors, Wi-Fi receiving and transmitting devices, and single-chip microcomputers can be configured to timely acquire and transmit environmental information and poultry individual information (including poultry weight information, feed intake data information, drinking water data information, poultry egg quality information, etc.). Ventilation fans, evaporative cooling pads, heaters, and other equipment are placed in the poultry house to regulate environmental parameters such as temperature and humidity in the house.
This builds a poultry farming information management system that covers the information management functions of production aquaculture, corporate office, product traceability, and poultry disease detection, and the unified construction of the system is realized. The system is divided into four modules according to the daily production management needs of farmers. By using intelligent sensors, building a wireless sensor network, and using a cloud database for data storage, a good interaction between modules, software, and hardware is realized, which can bring the animals closer to the farmer. At the same time, the system stores the collected data information in the cloud, and the cloud-based information management system will lead the development direction of the poultry farming management system.