Chapter Scripts

Surah At-Tur 52:21-30

52:21 And as for those who have attained to faith and whose offspring will have followed them in faith, We shall unite them with their offspring, and We shall not let aught of their deeds go to waste [but] every human being will be held in pledge for whatever he has earned.


i.e., by “spontaneous generation”, as it were.

52:22 And We shall bestow on them fruit and meat in abundance – whatever they may desire. 


This is a reductio ad absurdum of their unwillingness to admit the existence of a conscious primary Cause underlying all creation.

51:23 And in that [paradise] they shall pass on to one another a cup which will not give rise to empty talk, and neither incite to sin.


i.e., the treasures of His infinite knowledge and power.

52:24 And they will be waited upon by [immortal] youths, [as if they were children] of their own, [as pure] as if they were pearls hidden in their shells.


This is addressed specifically to the pagan contemporaries of the Prophet, implying that “you not only blaspheme by ascribing progeny to God, but you intensify your blasphemy by ascribing to Him something that you yourselves despise, i.e., female offspring”: cf. 16:57-59 and the corresponding notes.

52:25 And they [who are thus blest] will turn to one another, asking each other [about their past lives].


For an explanation, see note 26 on the identical passage in 68:47.

52:26 They will say “Behold, aforetime when we were [still living] in the midst of our kith and kin – we were full of fear [at the thought of God’s displeasure].


i.e., it is they who constantly lose themselves in contradictions, whereas the message of the Qur’an is free thereof (cf. 4:82 and the corresponding note).

52:27 And so God has graced us with His favor, and has warded off from us all suffering through the scorching winds [of frustration].


As in 32:21, the Qur’an stresses here the fact that every evil deed is bound to react in some way or other, even in this world, against him who commits it – either by depriving him of the affection of those who surround him and, thus, deepening his inner loneliness, or, more directly, by creating circumstances which make the achievement of real happiness and satisfaction increasingly impossible.

52:28 Verily, we did invoke Him [alone] ere this: [and now He has shown us] that He alone is truly benign, a true dispenser of grace!”


I.e., “under Our protection”.

52:29 Exhort, then, [O Prophet, all men:] for, by thy Sustainer’s grace, thou art neither a soothsayer nor a madman.

52:30 Or do they say, “[He is but] a poet – let us await what time will do unto him”?


The divine scriptures are God’s beacons to the world. Surely God offered His trust to the heavens and the earth, and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man undertook it.
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