Chapter Scripts

Surah Al-Humazah 104:1-9

In The Name of God, The Most Gracious, The Dispenser of Grace.

104:1 Woe unto every slanderer, fault-finder!

Explanation

i.e., everyone who maliciously tries to uncover real or imaginary faults in others.

104:2 [Woe unto him] who amasses wealth and counts it a safeguard. 

Explanation

This repetitive interpolation is necessary because the blameworthy attitude spoke of in verses 2-3 obviously belongs to a category entirely different from the two mentioned in verse 1.

104:3 Thinking that his wealth will make him live forever!

Explanation

This is a metonym for the tendency to attribute an almost “religious” value to the acquisition and possession of material goods and facilities – a tendency which precludes man from giving any real importance to spiritual considerations (cf. note 1 on 102:1). My rendering of ‘addadahu in the preceding verse as “[he] counts it a safeguard” is based on Jawhari’s explanation of this term.

104:4 Nay, but [in the life to come such as] he shall indeed be abandoned to crushing torment!

Explanation

Al-hutamah – one of several metaphors for the otherworldly suffering comprised within the concept of “hell’” (see note 33 on 15:43-44).

104:5 And what could make thee conceive what that crushing torment will be?

Explanation

i.e., originating in their hearts – thus clearly alluding to the spiritual nature of the “fire” in the sinners’ belated realization of their guilt.

104:6 A fire kindled by God. 

Explanation

Lit., “in extended columns”, i.e., overwhelming with despair.

104:7 Which will rise over the [guilty] hearts.

104:8 Verily, it will close in upon them.  

104:9 In endless columns!

President

The divine scriptures are God’s beacons to the world. Surely God offered His trust to the heavens and the earth, and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man undertook it.
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