Animal Care

Principles of Keeping Animals

Owner’s Obligations

The owner/person/keeper of any animal is obliged to

  • Provide food and drink which is sufficient, accessible, and appropriate to maintain the animal in full health and vigor and meet its physiological and ethological needs.
  • Provide the animal with satisfactory hygiene and care, including regular inspections and appropriate and humane management and handling; ensuring the promotion of good human-animal relationships and the absence of pain, suffering, injury, fear, or distress for the animal.
  • Keep the animal in such a way that its physical functions and its behavior are not disturbed or affected, and its ability to adapt is not overstrained or overtaxed.
  • Provide the animal with an appropriate environment, which meets its physiological and behavioral needs, including freedom of movement and appropriate social contacts and interaction (taking into consideration the species, age and degree of development, and domestication of the animal), and also to rapidly investigate any signs of stereotypical behavior, as an indication that the animal’s needs are being frustrated, and take remedial action without delay.
  • Provide the animal with appropriate shelter, facilities, and a comfortable resting area; always ensuring that the animal is not exposed to adverse temperatures, weather conditions, or lack of oxygen.
  • When housing or confining an animal, ensure in particular that the space (including height, as well as floor space).
  • Condition of the ground/base; structural equipment of the buildings and facilities; the climate, including temperature, air circulation, natural light, and ventilation; and noise level will safeguard the welfare of the animal and enable it to meet its physiological and behavioral needs.
  • A person shall not manufacture, keep in stock, sell, offer for sale, deliver, or in any manner make use of any animal housing system unless such a system conforms to the above welfare requirements for the keeping of animals, and any prescribed minimum standards established by the Competent Authority.
  • It is prohibited to keep any animal permanently or prevalently chained or tethered.
  • Wild animals must in no case be kept chained or tethered, even temporarily, unless this is to prevent imminent danger – for example, in an emergency situation; and dogs should not be tethered more than momentarily or on a running chain which enables free movement and exercise (for purposes of management or control).
  • Any person keeping a domestic animal shall ensure that the animal is inspected and attended to at least once a day or more depending on the species’ particular needs.
  • In case of any ownership dispute concerning an animal or animals, the outcomes shall be decided (e.g. by the civil courts) taking into account the best interests of the individual animal or animals.
  • Authorization of the Minister responsible, the Ministry or the Competent Authority to adopt any regulations [and establish, as appropriate, ‘Welfare Codes’, standards and guidance] in this context. The Minister responsible, the Ministry, or the Competent Authority shall introduce prescribed minimum standards for animal welfare housing systems. In addition, the Minister responsible, the Ministry, or the Competent Authority may require prior authorization for the manufacture, importation, and/or use of any fabricated housing system.
  • The Minister responsible, the Ministry or the Competent Authority shall prohibit ways of keeping animals that are manifestly inconsistent with the principles of animal welfare, including but not limited to the use of certain types of cages and the keeping of animals which are not nocturnal in prevailing darkness.


The divine scriptures are God’s beacons to the world. Surely God offered His trust to the heavens and the earth, and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man undertook it.
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