Animal Care

General and Commercial Transport of Animals

The owner/person/keeper of any animal is obliged to

  • The transport of an animal, which includes any kind of transfer or relocation of the animal from one place to another as well as the loading and unloading of the animal, has to be undertaken in a careful and considerate way at all times. Also, the length of any journey, and of any delay at any stage of transport, shall be minimized.
  • Each animal must be provided with sufficient food, water, and rest before, during, and after the journey, according to their biological and ethological needs.
  • The method of transport shall be suitable with regard to the welfare and safety of the animal, and the animal’s species-specific and individual character.

It is prohibited to transport an animal in a way that causes pain, injury, death, or avoidable suffering, fear, or distress to the animal.

It is in particular prohibited to transport

A late pregnant female.

A female during one week after giving birth.

New-born animals – for example, when the navel has not completely healed.

An animal who is ill, injured, weak, or in general unfit for the journey.

unless the journey is in the welfare interests of the individual animal.

When transporting an animal for commercial purposes, the following additional requirements and conditions have to be observed.

  • The animal must be healthy and fit for the journey, and certified as such by an official veterinarian appointed by the Competent Authority.
  • The animal shall have the necessary supervision and care during transportation and loading/unloading.
  • The means of transport as well as the loading and unloading facilities, procedures and equipment have to be designed, constructed, maintained and operated in a way that the safety and well-being of the animal is guaranteed at any given time, and any pain, injury, suffering, fear or distress avoided.
  • The animal has to be provided with adequate floor area, space and height as well as with sufficient ventilation and protection against unfavourable weather conditions.
  • An animal shall only be transported in a vehicle or container that has been inspected and certified by the Competent Authority.
  • In case of the transport of aquatic animals, this must be carried out in special means of transportation and/or specially-designed containers; and the amount of water available must be sufficient for the number of animals transported, as well as of appropriate quality and temperature, and a satisfactory supply of oxygen ensured.
  • In the case that the upright position of the container transporting an animal is not evident, the container in question has to bear a sign or marking indicating the said position.
  • In case it is not obvious from the nature or style of the container that it transports a live animal, the container has to be clearly labelled indicating the fact that it contains an animal, and at the same time identifying the animal species within.
  • During transport the condition of the animal has to be checked at regular intervals and concurrently it has to be ensured that the animal has sufficient water and food of appropriate quality and suitability for the animal’s species-specific and individual needs. There shall be both specific official ‘staging posts’ (authorised in accordance with Section 29) with official supervision and control, and also random unannounced checks.
  • Any business which transports animals must be registered and authorised by the Competent Authority in accordance with Section 29. Authorisation may be withdrawn in the event of breaches of this code, or temporarily suspended until infringements have been rectified.
  • The persons driving vehicles transporting live animals or handling animals during the transport process must have the necessary professional, technical and personal skills, and understanding of animal behaviour, to care for the welfare needs of the animals in their care.
  • Drivers of livestock vehicles should be trained in necessary driving techniques, and always take extreme care to avoid acceleration, deceleration or turning corners at excessive speed. They should have their licences endorsed with the species of animals they have been trained and certified to transport.
  • No animal shall be transported commercially without prior approval from the Competent Authority. The Competent Authority shall provide detailed regulations governing live animal transport authorisation procedures. These shall include: the advance submission of route plans (together with required contents and submission periods for advance notifications); and the issue of movement permits based on company registration and driver/handler certification; and veterinary checks of fitness, vehicle compliance, and compliance with feeding/watering/resting requirements.
  • Journey plans and preparations must include the provision of veterinary attention to deal with any ill or injured animals; and disease control and emergency response measures.
  • During transportation of an animal, the transporter shall, at all times, carry the permit issued by the Competent Authority and other documents relevant for animal movement issued under this Act. A person shall not transport an animal in any manner other than that certified in the permit.
  • The Competent Authority shall lay down rules and regulations on establishing the fitness of an animal for transport, maximum journey times, set regular rest intervals as well as feeding and watering times. Every effort should be made to reduce the long distance transport of live animals, particularly for killing/slaughter (with animals being slaughtered locally, and carcasses transported instead of live animals).
  • International trade, long distance transport and transportation by sea or air shall only be carried out under special licenses/permits from the Competent Authority. Such licenses/permits shall contain additional conditions/requirements, as well as taking necessary measures to protect individual species. Such transport shall be prohibited for species with particular welfare problems during above mentioned transport.
  • Both the transporter and the owner of the animal (if different) shall be responsible for ensuring compliance with these provisions.

In addition, Authorisation of the Minister responsible, the Ministry or the Competent Authority to adopt any regulations [and establish, as appropriate, ‘Welfare Codes’, standards and guidance] in this context.


The divine scriptures are God’s beacons to the world. Surely God offered His trust to the heavens and the earth, and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man undertook it.
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